April 7, 2020 at 9:37 pm. If your laminitic horse needs to gain weight, increase the amount of low sugar forage you feed them. She isn't overweight or underweight. If you suspect your donkey has laminitis, ensure it has access to a deep bed of shavings, easy access to food and water, then call your vet immediately. What to feed horses with laminitis? Donkeys with laminitis need specialist feeding, which often requires major changes to feeding and other aspects of daily care. Encourage feeding of safe treats such as high fibre nuts, fresh mint leaves and small quantities of fruit. My mare came down with laminitis on Friday. The anatomy of the forefoot was quantified from lateromedial radiographs of 83 normal and 74 … A high fibre, low sugar diet, limited access to grass and rigorous weight management will go a long way to preventing this disease. My pony has top spec zero chaff and a good vits and mins (calm healthy horses) and salt. Obesity. Laminitis is quite unlike any other equine disease. My farm in May 2015 was covered in weeds despite me mowing constantly. Excess weight carried by obese horses dramatically increases the risk of rotation of the pedal bone following a bout of laminitis. It is important to take care in determining when and how much to feed a donkey. And when it comes to dietary changes for laminitic horses, owners might not know where to start. I was told to use a chaff that doesn’t have anything it it so he has the correct amount of bits and mins and no extra of anything. Is it better to feed her grass hay higher in nonstructural carbohydrates (NSCs) or alfalfa lower in NSCs but higher in calories? Any change in the feeding regime must always be carried out gradually over a couple of weeks. There will be no waste as the remainder can be used for bedding. Most recommendations involve buying expensive supplements for your horse, that have a million ingredients and heavily processed. Ideally the daily ration should be divided into frequent small meals so that the time Lolly is without feed is kept as short as possible. Dental disease and/or other health problems may mean that older donkeys have trouble chewing long strands of straw/hay and therefore they may require supplementary feeding to provide an alternative fibre source. Please note that, while donkeys are a member of the Equidae or horse family, they are a different species to horses and therefore have different needs. This is a common problem in overweight broodmares and stallions. The donkey diet should consist of mainly good quality barley straw or oat straw (barley straw is best) and carefully. Donkeys kept indoors require a floor-level feed bin or corner-floor feeder placed so that feed cannot get soiled. Various factors can cause laminitis, with overfeeding of nonstructural carbohydrates being one of the most common. Donkeys frequently accumulate fat on their necks and are at high risk of insulin resistance and laminitis. Your vet will probably prescribe painkillers such as phenylbutazone, commonly known as bute, a very common pain killer. Dietary restrictions; stop feeding all grain-based feeds and pasture. Therefore, it’s important to feed them the right type of foods, otherwise your donkey could easily become overweight, as well as facing a higher risk of laminitis. Laminitis is a complex health issue and successful management of such a painful, serious and long-term condition is dependent upon many factors. It was at that precise laminitis moment that I returned to Grass Valley. They are able metabolize their feed very efficiently and can be overfed very easily. It helps to maintain a diet low in simple sugars. Diagnosing and treating the primary problem (laminitis is often due to a systemic or general problem elsewhere in the horse's body). Access to an equine salt or mineral lick is advisable (avoid mineral licks designed for other types of livestock as they may contain inappropriate mineral levels). She was brought into a lovely stall at dusk and received the full 4-Star treatment with special love, affection and a bucket of apples/carrots/donkey treats nightly. She’s on box rest and she’s struggling with the soaked hay. What do you feed a horse with laminitis? Many people ask “what is a safe feed for horses with laminitis?” As a starting point it is important to think about why we feed, and this varies according to the type of laminitis prone horse we are feeding. This can be achieved by feeding mature Lucerne hay that is typically lower in fructans and higher in protein than other hays. You will always want to make sure that the chaff product you feed is ‘laminitic safe’ and has a sugar content of less than 8%. It is recommended to allow ‘paddock’ time to exercise and for environmental enrichment. I was in panic mode when I went to the feed store for help on May 31. Simple sugars increase the level of insulin, which in some horses triggers laminitis. Laminitis causes the sensitive lamellae to stretch, … Continually assess your donkey’s body condition and make changes to the diet accordingly. Currently I feed equal amounts of both and no grain. The inclusion of fibre in the form of alfalfa and chaff ensures increased chewing time, which is beneficial for horses or ponies on a restricted diet and can help to maintain a … April 8, 2020 at 9:11 pm. Here’s what you should be feeding: Grass or pasture hay – preferably older hay (low sugar – no clover or rye) that is not mouldy Wheaten chaff (small amount of Lucerne chaff or oaten... Read more » This can all occur before any symptoms are apparent and once the process has started it is extremely difficult to stop. Feeding cereal-based concentrates is generally not recommended due to the risk of health problems (unless specifically recommended by a veterinarian). Too many horse owners have reported their horses foundering right after pastures were fertilized. Laminitis can affect any horse, pony, donkey or their hybrid at any time of the year and not just in spring – there is no ‘safe season’. Obesity is a major concern in modern domesticated donkeys and mules. Mouth and teeth checks should be done by an equine vet or dental technician at least twice yearly. Place enough straw in the feeder so that they can browse through it. This is known as trickle feeding and helps to keep the donkey’s digestive system healthy and to keep the donkey occupied. Do not be tempted to let them gorge on less grass or start feeding them high sugar or high calorie hard feeds. Donkey’s may require supplemental hay if they are not maintaining good body condition with the straw and restricted grass diet (for e.g. Please note that elderly donkeys may require special dietary attention. The donkeys’ efficient utilization of food makes them "easy keepers." Hay nets are not recommended as it is better for donkeys to eat from the floor and empty hay nets can be a hazard. Always feed according to the donkey’s age, weight and temperament. Feed an underweight laminitic donkey very carefully, aiming for high fibre, low sugar products as donkeys will gain weight easily on fibre-based products. Methods. Feed forages with a low starch and sugar content, preferably under 10% sugar and starch, Have ‘farm produced’ forage tested to check the energy and sugar content, Commercially produced high fibre ‘laminitic safe’ haylage can be a good option, Very low energy short chop products may be useful, Check feed and bedding straw for retained grain, Feed little and often to ensure donkeys are trickle feeding as they would in the wild, Encourage ad-lib feeding - straw is particularly useful for those with good teeth and should be freely available, A non-pasture run out area such as a dirt paddock, sand school or bark chipped area will allow the donkey precious exercise time without access to grazing once veterinary advice allows periods of exercise, Use an appropriate feed balancer to supplement vitamins/minerals if feeding a straw only diet. Feed at least 1.5% of the horse's bodyweight unless under veterinary supervision. Remember there is no safe time to graze a laminitic donkey - fructan levels in grass can spike at any time of day or year with the right weather conditions. All of our UK sanctuaries are temporarily closed until further notice. Laminitis is an extremely painful condition affecting 1 in 10 horses/ponies every year and can cause permanent damage to the hooves. ‘L’ Mix is a chaff based feed that is suitable for those prone to laminitis, with a combined starch and sugar level of only 5.25%. Horses with equine metabolic syndrome or Cushing’s disease are at an increased risk for developing laminitis. But I was willing to apply weed killer. The best scenario is that correct diet and general management of your donkey means you never see laminitis. Laminitis due to starch-overload is very rare as most horses and ponies prone to laminitis are not fed large amounts of high starch concentrate feeds. You should NEVER feed a feed to a laminitic horse if it has any of the following ingredients: Oats, corn, wheat, rice or barley; Millrun, millmix, bran (rice or wheat), pollard; Any form of steam flaked, micronized or extruded grain; So read all labels and lists of ingredients carefully before buying a feed and remember.It is buyer beware. If possible, position the feeder so that the donkey’s feet are not on the bedding while they are eating, so they have a chance to dry out. However, don’t let the term misguide you. To characterise objectively the radiological anatomy of normal donkey feet and define the nature and extent of anatomical change associated with laminitis. Nothing, plus a bit of hay is a common diet. What to feed donkeys They key thing to remember is that it’s much better for your donkey to eat throughout the day, rather than receive all their feed in … When it comes to laminitis in horses, feeding needn’t be complicated. Follow our essential advice to help your donkey maintain a healthy weight. Please consult your vet should you have any questions or concerns. Hay – The base of a laminitis diet Base the diet on forage feeds that are low in sugars and fructans (collectively called Water Soluble Carbohydrates or WSC). You should always ensure feed is … Expert opinions and modern research … Encourage feeding of safe treats such as high fibre nuts, fresh mint leaves and small quantities of fruit. Avoid all cereal-based feeds as donkeys can be maintained and encouraged to gain weight on fibre-based products without the need for inappropriate cereal feeds, Do not allow the donkey access to grazing while suffering an acute laminitic episode, For chronic cases always restrict grazing by area rather than time at grass as donkeys can eat the same amount in 8 hours of turnout as they can in 24 hours, Do not starve the donkey as this may put it at risk of life threatening, Do not allow the donkey to graze a frosty pasture on a sunny morning as the level of fructans in the grass may be very high at this time, Do not feed senior or conditioning feeds even if the donkey is underweight as these feeds are too high in proteins, fats, starch and sugars, Remember there is no safe time to graze a laminitic donkey - fructan levels in grass can spike at any time of day or year with the right weather conditions. A laminitis diagnosis can be a life-changing event for both a horse and an owner. Donkeys have evolved over thousands of years to live in semi-arid environments where the nutritional quality of the food available is very poor. In one study, donkeys that had been fed a diet including cereal-based concentrates were more likely to have gastric ulcers when compared to donkey’s fed on a fibre concentrate or forage-only diet. Chaff products marketed for equines prone to laminitis are good for donkeys that have difficulty eating straw, hay or grass due to poor dentition, and can be used as feed supplements or fed ad lib as a total straw/hay replacer. Perhaps the nitrogen in the fertilizer triggers the laminitis. Feed only grass hay until advised by your veterinarian. 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