1976 Press Photo Goliad, Texas monument to victims of Goliad Massacre. Photo is dated 11-08-1976. The Goliad massacre was an event of the Texas Revolution that occurred on March 27, 1836, following the Battle of Coleto; 425–445 prisoners of war from the Texian Army of the Republic of Texas were killed by the Mexican Army in the town of Goliad, Texas. In 1853, he received 320 acres in Bee County, adjacent to Goliad County. A large number of them died in the Goliad Massacre on March 27, 1836. Despite the appeals for clemency by General José de Urrea, the massacre was reluctantly c… [14] The 75 soldiers of William Parsons Miller and the Nashville Battalion were captured on March 20 and marched to Goliad on March 23. By submitting this form, you agree to receive emails and the use of your personal information as described Three Things to know about Heritage Live! [1] Urrea arrived in Matamoros and worked to secure cooperation from the local inhabitants on January 31, 1836. Long, 1990, p. 280 states that Ward and 120 men from his Georgia Battalion were captured by Urrea's force. The Goliad Massacre occurred March 27, 1836, just three weeks after the battle of the Alamo. Although Ward and his men fled that night during a blinding rainstorm, the Mexicans overtook part of Ward's force, killing 18 and capturing 31. Goliad massacre: March 27, 1836 Goliad County, Texas: 342 465 prisoners. There was a general cry which pervaded the ranks: 'Remember the Alamo! in our Privacy Policy. However, the Mexicans would receive overwhelming reinforcements and heavy artillery. When General Thomas Rusk came through here after the Revolution in 1836, he was shocked to find the victims of the Goliad Massacre – unburied and exposed to the elements. Among those killed was their commander Colonel James Fannin. Three Things to Know About Heritage Live! [citation needed] After the executions, the Texians' bodies were piled and burned. This order was received by Portilla on March 26, who decided it was his duty to comply, despite receiving a countermanding order from Urrea later that same day. [26] Also spared were the 75 soldiers of Miller and the Nashville Battalion. It features an art deco relief sculpture and the names of the men who were killed.[32]. The Goliad massacre was an event of the Texas Revolution that occurred on March 27, 1836, following the Battle of Coleto; 425–445 prisoners of war from the Texian Army of the Republic of Texas were killed by the Mexican Army in the town of Goliad, Texas. Houston ordered Colonel James W. Fannin to evacuate his 400-man force from Goliad a… The Texians thought they would likely be set free in a few weeks. Blog. The World's Largest Collectibles Auctioneer. We have detected that you do not have JavaScript enabled. He freed more than 20 others who he determined to be Mexicans or colonists, so he would not be hindered by taking prisoners along on his advance on Fannin's force. [28] Their charred remains were left in the open, unburied, and exposed to vultures and coyotes. Texas History: Massacre at Goliad [Happened After: The Battle of the Alamo] On reaching Refugio, thirty miles below Goliad, Colonel Fannin learned through Major Morris, who had gone on to San Patricio with Johnson and Grant, of the advance, in force, of the Mexicans. The "Goliad Massacre" became a rallying cry for other Texans, who shouted "Remember the … After capturing one of Fannin's messengers, who was carrying dispatches that told of the commander's plan to wait at Goliad and retreat after King and Ward returned, Urrea ordered the execution of 30 prisoners who he decided were mercenaries. Santa Anna sent General José Urrea marching into Texas from Matamoros, to make his way north along the coast of Texas. Formed as a break-away republic from Mexico by the Texas Revolution, the state claimed borders that encompassed an area that included all of the present U.S. state of Texas, as well as parts of present-day New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, and Wyoming based upon the Treaties of Velasco between the newly created Texas Republic and Mexico. [5] Urrea had sent 18 of the 24 prisoners to Matamoros, where they were sentenced to death, but later released. [30], The massacre is commemorated in Walt Whitman's poem Song of Myself, section 34. There are currently no items available for purchase in this Department. Ironically, rather than serving to crush the Texas rebellion, the Goliad Massacre helped inspire and unify the Texans. [6], On March 2, at the Battle of Agua Dulce, Grant was killed, as were about 20 other men under his command. The prisoners were quartered at the Presidio La Bahia near Goliad… Click the image to load the highest resolution version. After Santa Anna learned that a force of Texas rebels was heading toward Matamoros, he sent General Urrea to march north along the coast of Texas to stop them. The two-day Battle of Coleto ensued, with the Texians holding their own on the first day. [17] Under a decree that Santa Anna had pressed and which was passed by the Mexican Congress on December 30, 1835, armed foreigners taken in combat were to be treated as pirates and executed. Gratitude in the workplace: How gratitude can improve your well-being and relationships Learn About Selling & Valuing Your Collection. 147–148 gives the number of men killed with Grant as 11. This list may not reflect recent changes (). Her web of seduction captures the handsome David (Aaron Weisinger) and leads him on a run for their lives as national security forces close in. They had first given this account at a ranch where they had taken refuge after the escape. O'Connor (1966), pp. People who are believed to have participated in the Battle of the Alamo, February 23 – March 6, 1836, on the Texan side, are listed here. Osborn was wounded and spared with help of a native Tejano "Cobian" and appeal of his wife to Gen. Urrea. In this critical predicament, Fannin and the majority of the men voted to surrender the Texian forces on March 20. Buyer's Premium per Lot: (Source: Similarweb.com). [9] On March 14, Colonel William Ward and 200 men, who had been sent to help Captain Amon B. King evacuate colonists at Refugio, were surrounded by Urrea's force. The date of the petition was 20 August 1874. Because of the intervention of Francita Alavez (known as the "Angel of Goliad"), 20 more men, including Shackelford,[20] were spared to act as doctors, interpreters, or workers. What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020. John James, sindico of the Refugio ayuntamiento was spared upon capture, but was killed at Goliad with Fannin's men. This has since been preserved and designated as the Fannin Memorial Monument. "Six lined pages, 8.5" x 13.75", n.p., n.d. Each page, except the final, contains two columns listing the names of men killed at the Goliad Massacre. [27] Spared men were given white arm bands and, while wearing them, could walk about freely. He was captured at Goliad; however, his life was spared so that he could treat the wounded Mexicans there and at San Antonio. [5] Johnson and four others escaped in the darkness and rejoined Fannin's command at Goliad, where they said that all the prisoners had been executed. Monument to victims of Goliad Massacre. Frequently Asked Questions, Ethnographic Art: American Indian, Pre-Columbian & Tribal, All Jewelry, Timepieces & Luxury Accessories. Harbert Davenport and Craig H. Roell, "GOLIAD MASSACRE,", Craig H. Roell, "MILLER, WILLIAM PARSONS,", http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fho62, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qeg02, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fmi30, "Goliad State Park & Historic Site Goliad Area Historic Sites — Texas Parks & Wildlife Department", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Goliad_massacre&oldid=1003380848, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 January 2021, at 18:32. The Heritage Auctions web sites will not function without JavaScript, so we recommend enabling it. He was taken by Mexican soldiers to the courtyard in front of the chapel, blindfolded, and seated in a chair. [7][8] The first report of the names of the Texian victims of the battle came in the March 24, 1836 issue of the Telegraph and Texas Register. [20][21], The entire Texian force was killed, except for 28 men who feigned death and escaped. [12] Led to believe that they would be paroled and released into the United States, they were returned to the fort at Goliad, now their prison. Santa Anna responded to this entreaty by repeatedly ordering Urrea to comply with the law and execute the prisoners. [13][19] Forty Texians were unable to walk. Directed by Paul Bright. November 27, 2012 by Stephen A. Mendel, Estate Planning Attorney On Palm Sunday, March 27, 1836, the imprisoned Texans at Goliad arose at dawn, fell into three ranks, and … Urrea departed Goliad, leaving Colonel José Nicolás de la Portilla in command. What are my Historical Collectibles Worth? Texas History – Do You Know How Many Texans Died in the Goliad Massacre? goliad massacre list of victims. [15][16], The Mexicans took the Texians back to Goliad, where they were held as prisoners at Fort Defiance (Presidio La Bahia). [4] At 3:00 a.m. on February 27, Urrea's advance patrol surprised Johnson and about 45 men, initiating the Battle of San Patricio. Wounded survivors were clubbed and knifed to death. HA.com receives more traffic than any other auction house website. Dr. Joseph Barnard came to Texas on December 14, 1835. The Goliad Massacre, the tragic termination of the Goliad Campaign of 1836, is of all the episodes of the Texas Revolution the most infamous. preferences later in My Profile. Description Goliad Massacre: "List of Texans Murdered by order of Santa Anna at Goliad Tex March 27, 1836. The killing was carried out under orders from General and President of Mexico Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. A century later in 1936 monuments were erected at Goliad and San Jacinto to … Matthew Ellenberger, "HORTON, ALBERT CLINTON,". Texas State Library and Archives CommissionThe Goliad Massacre occurred on March 27, 1836. Other articles where Goliad Massacre is discussed: Texas Revolution: Santa Anna responds: the Alamo and the Goliad Massacre: Determined to punish the rebellious Texans, whom he viewed as pirates who deserved to be executed, Santa Anna mounted a campaign to demonstrate his power by exacting the same kind of retribution upon them that he had visited upon Zacatecas. Historic Images Part Number: hpa06715 Dawson massacre: September 17, 1842 near San Antonio de Bexar, Texas 36 15 captured and 36 killed out of a total of 54 Texan men. [28] Nearly one month later, word reached La Bahia (Goliad) that Santa Anna had been defeated and had surrendered while trying to flee at the Battle of San Jacinto. At least eight of those who had not been captured went on to fight at the Battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836. SWEENY RESIDENTS DESCEND FROM GOLIAD SURVIVORS By Henry Hanson Remember your seventh grade Texas History? It contributed to the frenzy of the Runaway Scrape. Despite the appeals for clemency by General José de Urrea, the massacre was reluctantly carried out by Lt. [11], On March 19, Urrea had quickly advanced and surrounded 300 men of the Texian Army on the open prairie, near La Bahia (Goliad). The massacre at Goliad branded Santa Anna as an inhuman despot and the Mexican people, whether deserved or not, with a reputation for cruelty. The killing was carried out under orders from General and President of Mexico Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. Whereas Santa Anna and the Mexicans had previously been seen as cunning and dangerous, the Goliad Massacre and the Fall of the Alamo led them to be branded as cruel and inhuman. [29], General Thomas J. Rusk found the remains of the massacre victims in June 1836 and gave orders for a formal military funeral. This is featured in his collected poems titled Leaves of Grass. 28 escaped, 20 spared as workers, 75 spared as unarmed captives. The first report of the names of the Tcxian victims of the battle came in the March 24, 1836 issue of … [20] The soldiers took his belongings, shot him in the face, and burned his body along with those of the other Texians killed that day. This is an original press photo. [13] Albert Clinton Horton and his company had been acting as the advance and rear guards for Fannin's company. PHOTO FRONT PHOTO BACK. They were advised not to take off the arm band, since Mexican troops were hunting for those few who had escaped from Coleto, Victoria, and the massacre itself. This … [2] On February 12, Fannin took most of the men to defend Presidio La Bahía at Goliad, which he renamed "Fort Defiance". In this critical predicament, Colonel James Fanninand his staff had v… Among these was Herman Ehrenberg, who later wrote an account of the massacre;[22] William Lockhart Hunter, also of the New Orleans Greys, who survived despite being bayoneted and clubbed with a musket;[23] and four members of Shackelford's Red Rovers: Dillard Cooper,[24] Zachariah S. Brooks, Wilson Simpson, and Isaac D. Hamilton,[25] who escaped after days on the run. Urrea wrote in his diary that he "...wished to elude these orders as far as possible without compromising my personal responsibility." As one of only 28 survivors of the massacre, Milton returned to San Augustine on June 25, 1836 -- two months after Texas won its independence at San Jacinto. On March 19, General Urrea had quickly advanced and surrounded 300 men in the Texian Army on the open prairie, near La Bahia (Goliad). ), Want List with instant e-mail notifications. 19.5% of the successful bid (minimum $14) per lot. 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