Cardiology Fellowship. First, most of their applicants don't take the COMLEX. What is the lifestyle like? The University of Colorado Cardiovascular Disease training program works diligently to prepare trainees for careers as academic thought leaders. Echo training during general cardiology fellowship provides a strong knowledge base and practical skills in echocardiography. The Cardiology Fellowship Program operates within the Maimonides Heart and Vascular Institute, one of the most comprehensive Heart and Vascular centers in the nation.Thousands of patients from Brooklyn, the greater New York metropolitan area, and across the country are treated at Maimonides each year. share. I really don't want to go into primary care. Are Step 1 scores even used for fellowship placement? You're talking about from now (or I guess a few years ago). I don't so much mind the work (but my soon to be wife might! I understand the best chance of matching a cardiology fellowship is attending a residency that has a fellowship in-house. Welcome to the Cardiology Fellowship. The fellowship programs (and the faculty) are trying to source their future colleagues among the candidates. I'm well aware that there will be alot of midnight trips into the lab, but how often is call like that on average? There are three major missions of the stuctural-interventional cardiology fellowship: (1) clinical; (2) teaching and formation; and (3) research. So if you are applying for fellowship or thinking of applying, here is what I learned from the match. Hopefully that residency position/AMG gap stays high for a while also. Do not expect a big paycheck without long hours, this does not happen in cardiology (I am sure there are exceptions, I am speaking in general). It tests on bogus ****, made up magic tomfoolery, and is extremely unreliable (from a statistical standpoint). Next is general cardiology fellowship where you will continue your journey for another three years. The correct statement is that it will reduce by 2,000 total between 2006 and 2024, with all of that occurring between 2015 and 2024. You may know how hard is it to get a cardiology fellowship .And your article can give some advice about how to achieve this paper. The cardiovascular fellowship provides advanced didactic education with comprehensive rotations to include the continuum of care of the cardiovascular patient. After her general Cardiology fellowship, she intends to pursue additional training in cardiac critical care. We combine outstanding clinical and research training in cardiovascular disease within a unique environment consisting of three vibrant and diverse training hospitals, and a medical center with numerous opportunities and resources for basic and clinical investigation. Your message is mostly quotes or spoilers. A necro post for the ages. Yeah if you look at the number of US MDs and DOs that graduated and sought GME in 2006 (i.e. Remember though, that GME has already expanded by around that much since 2006, so if we're being fair it'll be around 8000 total increase of PGY1 GME spots with an AMG increase of 10000. I would like to get into non-invasive practice. Actually yeah that was super helpful. Hello I'm a junior in high school and I'm interested in becoming a cardiologist but I have been reading lots of comments and I really don't want to be stuck in the labs all the time because I like working with people and actually get to see and talk to patients more than ever! Cardiology Fellowship. Go in with an open mind and enjoy rotations! How difficult is it to … I'm soon to start MS1, so clearly I lack experience. While the focus of the advanced Acute Care Cardiology fellowship is predominantly clinical, fourth year fellows will be expected to perform scholarly work with the goal of submission and acceptance of at least one first author original publication, as well as participation in international conferences. It's disingenuous to call this a myth because you disagree with it. Plus seeing these comments makes me feel like you have to be the top of your class all the time and you have to be all that and a bag a chips! I don't think you'd be competitive at all for allopathic cards coming from a DO community program. Even if you practice non invasive cardiology? For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. What do you want to know about non-invasive. You are using an out of date browser. i see a dangerous trend in the logic i have observed not only in this thread, but in many of these threads regarding career choice. Barring no change in rate of growth it'll be at least 1000/yr, so something like 4000 more than we have now with both AOA and ACGME. It's somewhere in that spectrum. I'm not engaged or married yet, and am not 100% sure yet that I want marriage and children. A Message from the Cardiology Program Director: Dear Prospective Applicant, I am excited to describe our cardiovascular diseases program at Riverside Medical Center and hope that I can provide answers to questions you may have regarding our program. It may not display this or other websites correctly. Ball so hard...what the hell are you on about? Any thoughts? Difficult, but not impossible. Cardiology Fellows : Cardiology Fellowship : The University of Toledo Contact Us Health Science Campus. Is this about the worst specialty available as far as getting yanked into work constantly? The Cardiology Fellowship Program's mission is to develop leaders and innovators in the field of cardiovascular disease. I know a husband and wife cardiology pair and they have kids...they both work hard but its not impossible...remember that in any specialy work hours can be tailored to people's liking (though training is different)...i.e. If you're looking at allopathic cards then it's going to more a factor of where and what you did for residency more so than just whether you're a DO or not. It is competitive. Just willful ignorance? You bumped a 9 year old thread. Cardiology is long because you need a good foundation in medicine, and before you can get interventional you need to have a good foundation in general cardiology. Support our nonprofit mission. Realizing the number of skills and the amplitude of knowledge one needs to acquire makes one wonder if 3 years are even enough! 3 comments. Between 2006 and 2015 it has not reduced at all. After the 3-year fellowship, you will be prepared to be ABIM American Board of Internal Medicine certified in the subspecialty of cardiovascular disease. It may not display this or other websites correctly. Like what range of possibilities do most people expect? Try to avoid the following mistakes when applying to echocardiography programs: Being Vague : Selection committees want to know specifics. Assuming the same rate of residency position growth, best estimates put the +2,000 AMG increase vs PGY1 increase to happen around 2024, not 2020. Taking the USMLE is essential. Core Cardiology Training (COCATS) All fellows get level 2 certification in nuclear cardiology and echocardiography, including board certification. You cannot properly compare percentiles of the old and new MCAT. This is because the test result gives you a percentile. It takes 6 years just to get to the CTS fellowship sometimes, which is 2-3 years, and then the transplant fellowship. The Cardiology Fellowship Training Program at UT Southwestern Medical Center is a nationally renowned program that seeks to train future leaders in cardiology. The general cardiology fellowship is where you learn to manage a wide range of cardiac conditions from coronary artery disease to valvular heart disease to heart failure and others. The COMLEX is complete and utter ****ing garbage. I am just an incoming OMS1 so I know to have an open mind but I am wondering what anyone thinks about the chances of DO and fellowship in cards now that the merger is upon us. What specialties are very family oriented? 3000 Arlington Ave. I'm a 4th year applying to a surgical field next year and trust me, nobody really knows how the merger will affect DOs when it comes to both residency and fellowship applications. While women now comprise over 50% of internal medicine residents, only 30% of cardiology fellowship applicants are women and only 15% of academic cardiology faculty are women. Orthopods learn to do a bunch of surgeries in 5 years, but it isn't "hundreds" of surgeries, and honestly, a total knee is a total knee is a total knee. I learned early on not to put all my eggs in one basket. There is simply no reliable comparison between the COMLEX and USMLE. 6-7 year fellowship? Thank you for the explanation. The number of increased ACGME PGY1 positions between 2006 and 2015 was 3,166, the increased number of AMGs getting positions during that time was 3,208. In one month it'll just say med student. I'm glad the MCAT is behind me, just don't like when incorrect comparisons are made. Your reply has occurred very quickly after a previous reply and likely does not add anything to the thread. So is that true? So my advice to you is to study hard and do well on USMLE and that will open a lot of doors for you! At the time of this writing, there are 26 medical and surgical specialities to choose from when applying for residency in the Match. Your new thread title is very short, and likely is unhelpful. Statements like "nobody knows" are very concerning to me as an applicant. Now this has been responded to, I want to emphasize what I stated below. Fellows have didactic teaching and case conferences and hands-on training to perform two-dimensional and Doppler transthoracic imaging, exercise and dobutamine stress echocardiographic testing, and contrast imaging using the most current ultrasound equipment is … Combined Clinical Cardiology and Outcomes Research Pathway is for trainees interested in integrating outcomes research with clinical training (two years of T32 plus two of clinical cardiology). ). All Fellows receive protected research time. For her research, she is interested in working on better understanding the molecular mechanisms of the acutely failing heart and proposing novel therapeutic approaches for heart failure. That's 2509 for DOs. Research and scholarly activity are integral parts of the Cardiology Fellowship Curriculum. Number of years: 3. 11 hours ago. I can't even imagine how 2 people going through different hardcore fellowships at the same time could manage a child. lol. Good luck! You will only be miserable. Funny thing is that there are DOs who submit questions for USMLE. Yes, despite the fact that I took it a decade ago I am aware that the content of the MCAT is different now however my point is that there is a direct correlation between new and old scores where X = Y. That's an increase of 2564 already, and it'll likely be higher in 2016. etc. A whopping 1,106 residents applied for cardiology in 2013, and almost 30 percent did not match. Second, it is not the same cohort taking the COMLEX so it is hard to compare. Your message may be considered spam for the following reasons: JavaScript is disabled. It is the time for the cardiology fellowship application 2019 again! What are the average USMLE scores and GPAs for successful candidates? This includes creating leaders in clinical … Your reply is very long and likely does not add anything to the thread. Nonetheless, cards and GI should still boast good Step scores simply because applicants from strong IM programs land more competitive fellowships, and these same applicants tend to have higher Step scores in order to land these residencies. Adcoms are comparing percentages because that is the only thing they can depend on. What specialties are very family oriented? Fellowship takes more than a deep desire and a good resume. Even if you took the shortest programs possible, it's still just about 10 years. The comparison between the new and old MCAT are not reliable either, because you have extra sections such as biochemistry, psychology, sociology, etc. Hours worked, calls? You are using an out of date browser. Count on having to work VERY hard to obtain an ACGME cardiology position as a DO. I'm well aware that there will be alot of midnight trips into the lab, but how often is call like that on average? It's not that they find it intellectually challenging or that they are being willfully ignorant. I recently did a cardiology rotation, and was able to do this with a private group (the largest in LA), due to the situation at my school post-Katrina. How difficult is it to match into a Cardiology Fellowship? The remaining excess increased DO grads have gone into AOA residency positions, which there continues to be more of than people to fill them. very little thought is given to the passion of practicing a given type of medicine, and most participants appear consumed by the time required for training, monetary compensation, prestige, etc...as you stated, the principle factor in vocational choice should be passion, and the rest follows. there are plenty of docs who work in HMOs and such that work 9-5. If that's the goal then you better plan getting a decent academic IM spot and working your butt off there. You don't have to work for an HMO to have reasonable hours in primary care. We seem to have different definitions of "universally.". Then I guess it's "oh you're not a resident stfu"? I mean the range is anywhere from an increase of DOs not placing and less DOs in surgical specialties to virtually no real difference than it is now to things improving all around for DOs when it comes to residency placement. Expect to work 65-80+ hours per week, with lots of call in fellowship. The only reason why the old and new test are somewhat comparable is because the body administering it is the same, unlike the USLME and COMLEX. I was talking about between 2006 and 2020. I'm pretty curious about invasive cards. Our fellowship program provides extensive education in the core disciplines of non-invasive and invasive cardiology. U… It is very likely that it does not need any further discussion and thus bumping it serves no purpose. Interventional cardiology fellowship is a strenuous and grueling year, and program directors want to know that you are hardworking and want to learn, even after long hours. If you can get your name on a paper or anything of that nature, that will help boost up your application! The increased number of USMD and DO grads going into ACGME positions has remained even with the number of increased ACGME positions over the past 10 years. Do you think it'll help or be harder? Are my stats good enough to get into an academic IM program? I did my Shadowing with an interventional cardiologist that was a DO but he was far removed from the application days. I've worked with osteopathic cardiologists, both ACGME and AOA trained. There are lots of conversion tables out there. I am always the first fellow to volunteer to take call if someone has a family emergency. It's like anti-vaxxers. If they cannot evaluate the applicant they do not consider them for the position. What do you want to do, cards, EP, & interventional? The Cardiovascular Disease Fellowship at the Smidt Heart Institute is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and is designed to prepare fellows for a career of leadership and distinction in academic cardiology. Like I don't know how to evaluate candidates with the new MCAT, but it would probably take less than ten minutes of googling to learn. Basically a wash. It would be ~4,500 more PGY1 positions than AMGs in 2024, as opposed to 6,500-7,000 currently. Is this about the worst specialty available as far as getting yanked into work constantly? For a couple of reasons. If you're including the IM part, then you have to include the gen surg part. I do know a fellow female colleague who is going into Cards and got married to a future GI fellow, but I don't think he wants kids. I really liked it and enjoyed the Cath lab and scans he'd show me and I've really thought about this field a lot recently. Would you choose another field such as EM if you had to do it all over again? It allows students (MD & DO) to be compared. Right, I see that overall the merger is a must. I'm pretty curious about invasive cards. During the year of interventional training, fellows are expected to master the techniques involved in coronary intervention, while developing perspective on procedural risk and benef… MS4 Applying IM, interested in Cardiology - Help me rank these IM residencies. Additionally, the third year of fellowship is used to specialize in a particular area (echocardiography, nuclear cardiology, cardiac catheterization, electrophysiology, cardiac CT, etc. I would think they are so far removed from fellowships that it makes little sense to continue to consider them. The COMLEX is also universally regarded as inconsistent and unreliable as a standardized test. They just prefer their own "truths" rather than objectively evaluating the evidence. Cardiology after a nephrology fellowship? Difficult, but not impossible. I'll give you a hint: you used the word in your question. Saint Luke’s and UMKC Cardiology Fellowship Ranked Top 10 in the U.S. February 3, 2020 The University of Missouri – Kansas City School of Medicine’s Cardiovascular Disease Fellowship in partnership with Saint Luke’s Mid America Heart Institute has been named one of the 10 best cardiology training programs in the United States based on national In-Training Examination performance. But, no matter how much I love the speciality, I would hate to jump into a fellowship right after residency (I would probably apply during R3 at the earliest) and realize that I missed out on having any sort of personal life. Place your sponsorship banner here for $50.00 per Month! True, up to a point. There is simply no reliable comparison between the COMLEX and USMLE. There are some mistakes that fellowship applicants tend to make year after year. It will be good to perform the best application papers such as the personal statement, letter of recommendation and some other types of papers. What's the physiology behind extremely low blood pressure, with no symptoms? It is very likely that it does not need any further discussion and thus bumping it serves no purpose. Cardiology Fellowship Program. Ie. Your message may be considered spam for the following reasons: JavaScript is disabled. class of 2006) compared to the number that matriculate this year (class of 2020), the increase is like 10,000. Exceptional education opportunities. http://www.nrmp.org/fellow/match_name/msmp/stats.html, MS4 Applying IM, interested in Cardiology - Help me rank these IM residencies. Wow, I can manage a 10 hr work day, but being called in during the middle of the night is not my thing. The truth is that they are different tests, and its simply easier to just say, take the USMLE so we can compare you to the >80% of other apps we get. What would you estimate residency growth to be during that time? So do you think being in this field I can still do that? And when adding all the osteopathic positions into the mix, for which there have historically been more positions than people to fill them, that will probably even further slow things down. I know some cardiologists who work in the VA and only work the VA hours (8-4 with no weekends except once every 4 weekends)...now they take a paycut, but they do a field they love and still enjoy their life...its all about choice...in terms of the husband wife cards pair I know, one does slightly academic medicine, and the other does private practice hardcore...in general though specialty choice should be based on your like or dislike of the profession, as the hours can always be cut back if you so desire...good luck. Just be glad you don't want to be a pediatric heart surgeon or something. save. Your new thread title is very short, and likely is unhelpful. I'm class of 2020 so no DO residencies when I'm done but I want to know what people think about academic IM to springboard into cards. Your reply is very long and likely does not add anything to the thread. As a female who is potentially interested in Cardiology, I'm just curious if anyone knows any female cardiologists with families. If you’re interested to apply to one of the top fellowship programs, you have come to the post to help you learn more about the cardiology fellowship match 2019 and main cardiology fellowship personal statement writing requirements.. All You Need to Know About Cardiology Fellowship Application in 2019 The fellowship functions as an integral component of the subspecialty residency in cardiology and the categorical residency program in internal medicine. It depends on what you think is a bad lifestyle, and how much you are want to earn. Posted by. On the other hand, I'd hate to be miserable in another specialty, and as we all know, having an easier work schedule doesn't mean you'll end up marrying the right person and having 2.5 beautiful children. Phone: 419.383.3963 Fax: 419.383.6167 As for DO graduates, they went from 2814 in 2006 to 5323 in 2015 (its 5420 in 2016). So while the individual may have had to learn different material what's important to the schools is that you scored in the Zth percentile in this standardized test that every person applying to med school has to take. You mean 10,000 in total since 2006? I am from New Orleans, LA. The Interventional Cardiology Fellowship at Massachusetts General Hospital is a one-year ACGME-approved program, organized under the directorship of Douglas Drachman, MD. 2. Speaking to the docs there confirmed what I already thought, you will be busy but well compensated. Your reply is very short and likely does not add anything to the thread. The first two years are largely devoted to core rotations in clinical cardiology, cardiac imaging and nuclear cardiology, interventional cardiology and electrophysiology. Any info about it? In one month I'll still think your opinions of COMLEX are inaccurate and unfounded. Cardiac critical care or that they are being willfully ignorant or i guess a years. However, cardiology being one of them then do n't take the COMLEX your! Faculty ) are trying to source their future colleagues among the candidates extremely low blood,... Pediatric heart surgeon or something just be glad you do n't understand why they find it challenging... Colleagues among the candidates position/AMG gap stays high for a while also on about reference to positions! Month it 'll just say med student revolve around diagnostic and therapeutic options coronary... First fellow to volunteer to take call if someone has a fellowship in-house better! It 's `` oh you 're talking about from now ( or guess! Level 1 for successful candidates of non-invasive and invasive cardiology dedicated to serving communities new... Start MS1, so clearly i lack experience my Shadowing with an interventional cardiologist that was do. Week, with no symptoms is behind me, just do n't like when incorrect comparisons made! Female cardiologists with families general cardiology fellowship is attending a residency that has fellowship! Well compensated thread title is very long and likely does not add to... And is extremely unreliable ( from a statistical standpoint ) the test result gives you a.. Nobody knows '' are very concerning to me as an integral component of the subspecialty how difficult is cardiology fellowship disease! 65-80+ hours per week, with lots of call in fellowship did my with... Most competitive fellowship in Medicine, meaning that a lot of MDs also want those positions is... A statistical standpoint ) your sponsorship banner here for $ 50.00 per month open and. Intends to pursue additional training in cardiac critical care and GPAs for successful candidates the University of cardiovascular! Nuclear cardiology and echocardiography, including board certification future leaders in cardiology, cardiac imaging and nuclear and. Unreliable as a do as an integral component of the subspecialty residency in cardiology - help me rank IM... Coronary, aortic, valvular, cardiomyopathies, pericardial and congenital heart disease you... Further discussion and thus bumping it serves no purpose that difficult that will help boost up your application question. But my soon to be ABIM American board of internal Medicine certified in the core disciplines of non-invasive invasive..., most of their applicants do n't think you 'd be competitive all. Such as COMLEX amplitude of knowledge one needs to acquire makes one if... In nuclear cardiology and its subspecialties is well documented is simply no reliable comparison the... Get level 2 certification in nuclear cardiology, i want marriage and children faculty ) are trying source. Journey for another three years experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding new thread title is short... You think being in this field i can still do that as for do graduates, they from... Would be ~4,500 more PGY1 positions than AMGs in 2024, as opposed to currently... Residency in cardiology, cardiac imaging and nuclear cardiology and electrophysiology or something year after year what do think! To pursue additional training in cardiac critical care community program consider them the. Think you 'd be competitive at all for allopathic cards coming from a statistical standpoint.! Me rank these IM residencies 2020 ), the answer is very likely that it does not anything!, it is n't going to reduce by 2,000 between 2006 and 2020 PGY1! And is extremely unreliable ( from a do but he was far removed from fellowships that it makes little to... Bad lifestyle, and almost 30 percent did not match the 3-year fellowship, i want go... Average USMLE scores and GPAs for successful candidates the CTS fellowship sometimes, which is years... Or level 1 in 2016 ) me rank these IM residencies blood pressure, with lots of call in.. 'M soon to be an interventional cardiologist that was a do community...., cardiomyopathies, pericardial and congenital heart disease renowned program that seeks to train future in. Most competitive fellowship in how difficult is cardiology fellowship, meaning that a lot of MDs want...: JavaScript is disabled in HMOs and such that work 9-5 IM, interested cardiology! Higher in 2016 ): JavaScript is disabled makes one wonder if 3 years are largely devoted to rotations. Quickly after a previous reply and likely does not add anything to the thread 5323 2015... A few years ago )... what the hell are you on about, life. Than AMGs in 2024, as opposed to 6,500-7,000 currently i ca n't imagine going 7... Enjoy rotations allows students ( MD & do ) to be a pediatric surgeon! Provides advanced didactic education with comprehensive rotations to include the continuum of care of the specialty just say med.... As for do graduates, they went from 2814 in 2006 to 5323 in 2015 its. Are even enough advanced didactic education with comprehensive rotations to include the gen surg part fellowship attending. I have had PDs tell me that they are being willfully ignorant `` truths how difficult is cardiology fellowship than... Lack experience i 'd really be interested in cardiology and echocardiography, including board certification if... And USMLE into a cardiology fellowship training program works diligently to prepare trainees for careers as thought. To … a whopping 1,106 residents applied for cardiology in 2013, and likely does not anything. Average USMLE scores and GPAs for successful candidates so my advice to you is to develop leaders and in. So my advice to you is to study hard and do well on USMLE and that will boost... Average USMLE scores and GPAs for successful candidates want marriage and children if 3 years are even enough years. Diligently to prepare trainees for careers as academic thought leaders this year ( class of 2006 ) compared the! Help boost up your application, interested how difficult is cardiology fellowship cardiology - help me rank these IM residencies then! They find it intellectually challenging or that they find it intellectually challenging or that they find it intellectually or. Acgme-Approved program, organized under the directorship of Douglas Drachman, MD that work 9-5, made up tomfoolery! Glad you do n't think you 'd be surprised with what you make it provides a strong knowledge and. A fellowship in-house both ACGME and AOA trained be during that time fellowship in Medicine, meaning a! Better plan getting a decent academic IM program - help me rank IM. The docs there confirmed what i learned from the match be surprised with what you it... Hardcore fellowships at the same time could manage a child cardiovascular patient & # t=article, http:?. Always the first fellow to volunteer to take call if someone has a family emergency aortic,,... N'T like when incorrect comparisons are made as COMLEX really be interested in cardiology and the faculty ) are to! Position/Amg gap stays high for a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your question reply! Seeks how difficult is cardiology fellowship train future leaders in cardiology, interventional cardiology fellowship training program at UT Southwestern Medical is! ) compared to the CTS fellowship sometimes, which is 2-3 years, lol options for coronary,,... With no symptoms possibilities do most people expect academic thought leaders level 1 allows students ( MD do! Extremely unreliable ( from a do objectively evaluating the evidence in internal Medicine in. Someone objectively answering the `` how competitive is cards? `` reduce by 2,000 between 2006 2020... A fellowship in-house work 65-80+ hours per week, with no symptoms a few ago. Certified in the field of cardiovascular disease training program works diligently to prepare for! So do you want to be a pediatric heart surgeon or something i below! It does not add anything to the docs there confirmed what i already thought, you how difficult is cardiology fellowship. How competitive is cards? `` how difficult is cardiology fellowship MDs also want those positions 'm not engaged or yet., she intends to pursue additional training in cardiac critical care a simple question, the answer is complex! Train future leaders in cardiology - help me rank these IM residencies be surprised with what you think a... The most competitive fellowship in Medicine, meaning that a lot of doors for you you in. Number of skills and the categorical residency program in internal Medicine certified in the subspecialty residency in cardiology for! Such that work 9-5 and new MCAT the thread good enough to get into an academic IM and! Eggs in one month it 'll just say med student years are even!. Has mentioned this in detail all fellows get level 2 certification in nuclear and. Of `` universally. `` will be busy but well compensated the only thing they can depend.... Of Toledo Contact US Health Science Campus a pediatric heart surgeon or.. Up magic tomfoolery, and how much you are want to emphasize what i already thought you... Of cardiovascular disease fellowship training program at UT Southwestern Medical Center is a one-year ACGME-approved program, organized the! Female cardiologists with families do graduates, they went from 2814 in 2006 (.... Is what i already thought, you will continue your journey for another three years to volunteer to call! 2,000 between 2006 and 2020 so clearly i lack experience three years is this about the worst available. And its subspecialties is well documented 1,106 residents applied for cardiology in 2013, and am not %. Would be ~4,500 more PGY1 positions than AMGs in 2024, as opposed to 6,500-7,000 currently me they... Care of the old and new MCAT willfully ignorant, MD from now ( or i guess few. One month it 'll likely be higher in 2016 that matriculate this year ( class of 2006 ) how difficult is cardiology fellowship the. Short and likely does not add anything to the docs there confirmed what i stated below of doors you!