Large parts of East Norway enjoys the rain shadow created by the central mountains, and some of East Norway gets less than 300 mm precipitation annually (less than Madrid). At the same time, as a global advocate for climate change mitigation, Norway is committed to environmental sustainability and climate policy. There is one car ferry across Oslofjord at Moss-Horten and one across Randsfjorden lake. Some are concerned for the loss of local culture in the face of modernization. Oslo and its airport at Gardermoen is the transport hub for East Norway. Norway is located on the western part of the Scandinavian Peninsula in North West Europe. Road 15 is the east-west main road from Stryn with connections from Geiranger. The big, blue sky. Claim this business Favorite Share More Directions Sponsored Topics. The country shares a border with Sweden on the east side, Finland and Russia on the northeast, Skagerrak strait … In Østfold (Halden canal) and in Telemark (Telemark canal) several lakes are connected by locks. Most people will respond in English to any question you may have. 12) in 1972. This region has about half of Norway's population including the larger Oslo metropolitan area. Some Norwegians also speak some German, due to the proximity of the language, and that they study it in school. The coastal area is varied, from the metropolitan Oslo to the more quiet and idyllic old maritime city of Drøbak, and the oldest city in Norway, Tønsberg. Just take normal precautions. The eastern forests of Finnskogen were the home of an ethnic minority, immigrants from Finland that came in the 17th century. Norway - Norway - Earliest peoples: Between 3000 and 2500 bce new immigrants settled in eastern Norway. In 1905, Norway became an independent country again. Fishing in fresh water requires a permit from the landlord. This is of course illegal, and can result in a fine. It became part of Norway on 1925-08-14. Eastern Norway is experienced as generally very safe, with few exceptions in parts of Oslo and the larger cities. The glittering sea. The ferry from Kiel in particular is an effective way of skipping the less interesting transport leg through Sweden. Akershus is a county in East Norway, west and east of the capital, Oslo. This region was the early industrialized. The Norwegian cuisine is known for eclectic food with a good supply of many local ingredients. Norway remained neutral in World War I, but was occupied by the Germans in World War II. The region also has about half of Norway’s total forest resources and an equivalent share of the country’s total area of fully cultivated land. The mountains reach a height of 2469 metres in the Jotunheimen mountain range, the highest point in the Nordic countries (excluding Greenland). They were farmers who grew grain and kept cows and sheep. Scandinavia, part of northern Europe, generally held to consist of the two countries of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Norway and Sweden, with the addition of Denmark. Some lakes and rivers are shared with Sweden and are connected to the large Swedish lakes. Evidence human existence in the Norway dates back to 10,000 BC during the Weichsel glaciations. Norway shares land borders with Sweden, Finland and Russia in the east and an extensive coastline facing the North Atlantic Ocean on the west. Areas around Oslofjord and lake Mjøsa are mostly lowlands or flatlands, while upstream along the big valleys and rivers the gently rolling landscape gradually gives way to steep hills, barren highlands (such as Hardangervidda) and alpine summits such as Jotunheimen. The south coast On the south-east coast of Norway, in the Skagerrak strait which separates the country from Denmark, the influence of the ocean is not as high as on the west coast. Jan Mayen is an island east of Greenland, incorporated on 1930-02-27. Or simply clean and fresh water. These valleys also host transport corridors (rail and road) to West Norway and Trøndelag. These are treated as two separate countries by ISO 3166 (and this website): Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands, and Bouvet Island. All railway lines, including the airport express train, terminate at Oslo Central Station ("Oslo S"). The coastal region is densely populated both by Norwegian and European standards. The original site of Oslo was east of the Aker River. It consists of the counties Vestfold og Telemark, Viken, Oslo and Innlandet. A notable influence was from the Kalmar Union and collaboration with Denmark in the 1… Alpine ski resorts often operate until late April or early May, The ski resort at Galdhøpiggen is open in summer only. The culture of mountain valleys is preserved to a greater degree than the more urbanized metropolitan areas. However, in the east it makes coastline with Norwegian Sea and in the south Skagerrak Strait separates Norway from Denmark. Locally known as Østlandet (or Austlandet), literally the east country, and is defined by the border with Sweden and mountain ranges creating watersheds with Trøndelag and Western Norway. The capital city of the country is Oslo. This northern state is full of natural minerals and goods like petroleum, natural gas, seafood, fresh water, and other minerals. A number of long valleys (notably Gudbrandsdalen, Valdres, Østerdal and Hallingdal) and rivers converge in the lowlands around Oslo. Description Legal. With the Barents Sea to the north, the Norwegian Sea and the North Sea to the west, and Skagerrak (Skager Strait) to the south, Norway has land borders only to the east—with Sweden, Finland, and Russia. East Norway has two international airports: Oslo totally dominates this region. Norway is to the west of Sweden, Finland to the east, and Denmark to the South. In another far northern country, we see the percentage of land used for agriculture in Norway is 2.7%, which is significantly higher than that one of Greenland, though still low by global standards. Back country skiing is possible virtually anywhere. As most of the region lies above the Arctic Circle, Northern Norway is blessed with twenty-four hours of sunlight i… Norway is largely accepted as existing since 872AD. There are numerous mosques, Hindu shrines, Sikh temples, Buddhist temples, as well as many churches, giving Oslo a cosmopolitan feel. The E6 is the main access from Sweden, at Svinesund border point near Halden. In Norway, transport is a key part of the trip and best way to do sightseeing. MAP. Even within the capital, Oslo, there are dialect differences between the east end and west end. Roads and railway lines have Oslo as their focal points. Some authorities argue for the inclusion of Finland on geologic and economic grounds and of Iceland and the Faroe Islands owing to … Road E16 is the east-west european route Bergen-, Road 7 through Hardangervidda is the main alternative from Bergen. East Norway is home to a large number of lakes, including several of Norway's largest, and Norway's biggest rivers. 2006-2010, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eastern_Norway&oldid=996334786, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Norwegian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 00:02. The region is bounded by mountains in the north and west, the Swedish border to the east and by Viken and Skagerrak to the south. The Vikings period was marked with trade, raids and colonization with the Vikings trained well and equipped in chain mail armor. It consists of the counties Vestfold og Telemark, Viken, Oslo and Innlandet. Norway is a country in the north of Europe.It is the western part of the Scandinavian peninsula.The mainland of Norway is surrounded by the North Sea and Atlantic Ocean on the west side, and borders Russia, Finland, and Sweden to the east. Bouvet Island is an island in the South Atlantic, which became a Norwegian dependency on 1930-02-27. East Norway includes the densely populated lowlands around Oslofjord (and lake Mjøsa) and the more sparsely populated valleys, forests and highlands in the hinterland. The two countries work closely together on a wide range of issues that are of importance to both nations and to the rest of the world. There are many tourist traps, which have a tendency of becoming Disneyland versions of the actual culture, especially in the ski resorts, which are transformed by people from the cities, with increased building of shops, hotels and vacation houses. Encompassing almost half of the country’s wild and rugged coastline, Northern Norwayis undoubtedly one of the most beautiful regions in Norway if not the world. Numerous islands shelter the coasts, creating a paradise for swimmers and boaters in the summer. Photo: Wikimedia, CC BY-SA 3.0. Migrant workers from Sweden, Poland, and elsewhere may not even speak Norwegian. These countries were particularly applauded for offering freedom of the press (St. Lucia), freedom of religion (Palau), a strong degree of political freedom (Kiritbati and Marshall Islands). It lies at the head of Oslo Fjord in the southeastern part of the country. Eastern Norway (Bokmål: Østlandet, Nynorsk: Austlandet) is the geographical region of the south-eastern part of Norway. In some inland municipalities, a writing form of Norwegian usually associated with West Norway known as Nynorsk is the official form. Oslo, the capital of Norway, has attracted people from all over Norway. Western parts of Telemark, Buskerud and Oppland are part of the central mountains/highlands, while northern parts of Oppland and Hedemark includes wide mountain areas such as Reinheimen, Dovrefjell and Rondane. E136 from Ålesund and Åndalsnes connects to E6 at Dombås. Lake Mjøsa - East Norway's small inland ocean. Norway or officially known as kingdom of Norway is a country that is located in the northwestern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula in northern Europe. The Monarchy of Norway has been independent since 1814. Norway has two official names: Norge in Bokmål and Noreg in Nynorsk.The English name Norway comes from the Old English word Norþweg mentioned in 880, meaning "northern way" or "way leading to the north", which is how the Anglo-Saxons referred to the coastline of Atlantic Norway similar to leading theory about the origin of the Norwegian language name. https://en.wikivoyage.org/w/index.php?title=East_Norway&oldid=4088691, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Population changes in the municipalities, 1951-2013, Folke- og boligtelling 2001 | 06 Buskerud, Folke- og boligtelling 2001 | 07 Vestfold, Folke- og boligtelling 2001 | 08 Telemark, Statistics Norway - Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. Try Norwegian seafood! East Norway (Norwegian: Østlandet) is a region in south-eastern Norway, which contains the capital Oslo, as well as half of the country's 5 million inhabitants. Valleys cut deep into the mountains, from east to west the main valleys are Østerdal, Gudbrandsdal, Valdres, Hallingdal, Numedal and the many valleys of Telemark. In Norwegian, the region is called Østlandet and Austlandet ("The east land") in contrast to Vestlandet ("The west land"). It has a land border with Sweden to the east and a shorter border with Finland and an even shorter border with Russia to the northeast. Winters can be bitterly cold in the interior. The majority of the country borders water, including the Skagerrak inlet to the south, the North Sea to the southwest, the North Atlantic Ocean (Norwegian Sea) to the west, and the Barents Sea to the north. Directly east of Norway is Sweden, except in the far north where Finland, or even Russia, is directly east of portions of Norway. The period lasted from 850 to 1050 AD. The hunting-fishing population of the west coast was also gradually replaced by farmers, though hunting and fishing remained useful secondary means of livelihood. Norway is commonly divided into five major geographical regions (landsdeler).These regions are purely geographical, and have no administrative purpose. The Viking age is the period that saw the unification of Norway. The smooth and warm rocks lazy sunbathers love. East Norway includes gentle sloping highlands such as Hardangervidda as well as alpine peaks such as Jotunheimen. Eastern Norway (Bokmål: Østlandet, Nynorsk: Austlandet) is the geographical region of the south-eastern part of Norway. The area is distinguished with traditional architecture, like stave churches and lafteverk, folk music and food. These mountain areas separate East Norway from West Norway and Trøndelag, and is a major transport barrier particularly in winter. Norway shares its international boundaries with Sweden in the east and Finland and Russia in the north-east. Unique Norway content for tourists, students, business or those interested in our world! The high plateau of Hardangervidda extends into Western Norway. Their language and culture was preserved into the 20th century, but now only folk tunes and food specialities remain. The population density in the flatlands is the highest in the nation, and some 40% of the nation's population lives within 200 km of Oslo. 13) was merged into Hordaland (county no. Main roads E6, E18, E16 and Road 4 meet at or near Oslo S. Regional and long distance buses depart from the bus station next door to Oslo S. Oslo Subway (T-banen) has a main station underground next to the train station. Norway is a high income nation with a vibrant private sector and a substantial safety net. It is bounded by the Barents Sea in the north, the Norwegian Sea and the North Sea in the west and the Skagerrak (Skager Strait) in the south. After the Napoleonic wars, Norway was taken from Denmark and combined with Sweden under the Treaty of Kiel in 1814. These mountains create Norway's main watershead as well as a crucial weather divide. Norway Overview - Overview - Customs and Culture - Diet and Recipes - Language - Religion - Students Life - … Norway is located in the eastern part of Scandinavian peninsula and has borders with Sweden on the east, Finland, and Russia on the northeast and Denmark across the sea. Most of Norway's motorways are around Oslo. Stone artifacts and wood carvings believed to have been used in the Stone Age have been excavated along the coast. Larvik is connected to northern Denmark by ferry, whereas Sandefjord is connected to Strömstad (Sweden) by ferry. It is common to see moose warning signs missing from their posts, because of many tourists taking them home as a souvenir. Norway × Show Labels. However, in 2017 the government decided to abolish the current counties of Norway (fylker) and to replace them with fewer, larger administrative regions (regioner). The county numbers are from the official numbering system ISO 3166-2:NO, which follows the coastline from the Swedish border in the southeast to the Russian border in the northeast. Closer to Oslofjord the winters are milder, although temperatures below minus 10° C are common in Oslo, and summers are slightly warmer in sheltered valleys. Cross-country skiing is possible all over East Norway, usually from late November in the high areas. Those interested in dialects can observe the diversity of Norwegian dialects spoken in Eastern Norway, especially the differences between urban areas and peripheries. Distance from Norway to East Timor is: 12,227 kilometer : Distance from Oslo to Dili: Mid: Distance from Norway to Marshall Islands is: 12,331 kilometer : As it was scarred and cut up by the last ice age, the scenery is very varied and so glorious beech forests lie alongside deep fjords, glaciers and alpine mountains. The shores of southern Oslofjord with myriads of polished islands and bays are popular summer resorts for city residents. As one of the world’s largest energy exporters, Norway advances the energy security of consuming countries. Other prominent mountain ranges include part of the Dovrefjell in the far north of the region, the Rondane north east of Lillehammer and others. The border towards Sørlandet is less obvious. In other words, while it is a separate nation (for example it is not a member of the EU, while Denmark is) Denmark still remains responsible for its foreign affairs and defense. Below is a list of the Norwegian counties as they have been since 1919, with their current administrative centres. Countries near Norway, Country near Norway, States near Norway, Countries close to Norway, Countries around Norway, Closest countries to Norway. SATELLITE. The city was founded by King Harald Hardraade about 1050, and about 1300 the Akershus fortress was built by Haakon V. After the The differences can be observed even if you do not understand Norwegian. As of 2015, the region had 2,593,085 inhabitants, 50.4% of Norway's population. Canoeing or kayaking on the long lakes in Telemark, Hedmark and Østfold. Coincidentally, all of the entires in 9th place happen to be island countries, with one in the Caribbean (St. Lucia) and three in the south Pacific (Palau, Kiribati, and Marshall Islands). In the interior and in the uplands skiing season is usually long. The area around the Oslo fjord and towards the north east are comparatively flat, and there are patches of intensely cultivated lands, notably Hedmarken, Toten, Hadeland, Ringerike and others. County. All kinds of winter sports, even some at summertime. In western Norway conifers and broad-leaved trees abound in approximately equal numbers. After the war, Norway became a founding member of the United Nations. The E6 is the main access from Trøndelag and Northern Norway. In the uplands and high mountains such as Jotunheimen and Hardangervidda back country skiing usually continues until mid May, some years well into June. The largest forests in Norway are found between the Swedish border and the Glåma River, east of Oslo.About half of the Østlandet region is forested. Norway is a co-founder and steadfast strategic Ally in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). By 2500 BC bronze introduced mainly by the Indo-Europeans. Most of the immigrants settle here as well. The southern coast touches the Oslofjord, Skagerrak, and the North Sea.. Major struggle for power began in the mid-9th century among the chieftains of the Norwegian … Eastern Norway is by far the most populous region of Norway. Local Norwegian beer, aquavit and cider. International: From Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sørlandsbanen from Kristiansand and Stavanger, Road 3 (Østerdalen road) is the alternative road from Trondheim and runs through all of. Norway is a country located in Northern Europe on the northern and western parts of the Scandinavian Peninsula. There is also some museum railway lines, for example the Krøder Line, where one can ride heritage steam and diesel trains on old twisty railway tracks. Climate differs notably and there can be great differs in weather between valleys on either side of the watershead within few kilometers, particularly in winter. Road E18 is the main access from Stavanger and Kristiansand, but generally considered the less scenic option. 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